We wrote an article for Compliance Monitor on the EU proposals for changes to the way in which AIFs can be marketed.
Alongside the Approach to Consumers document, which was published on 17 July 2018, the FCA has published a discussion paper (DP18/5) on the introduction of a duty of care for financial services firms. In response to the FCA’s consultation on its future approach to consumers (carried out in November 2017), some stakeholders raised concerns that […]
Following its consultation in November 2017, the FCA has today published its Approach to Consumers document which aims to address the concerns raised in the feedback to the consultation. The consultation took place following the FCA’s April 2017 Mission statement, which set out how the FCA intended to serve the public interest and deliver public value to the […]
The Financial Stability Board has reported to the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors on its work in relation to crypto-asset markets. It has worked with the CPMI to set up a framework for monitoring the financial stability implications of market developments, and has been working out the metrics for monitoring that it will […]
Treasury has published a draft statutory instrument setting out changes to consumer credit legislation consequent on Brexit. The draft has not yet been laid before the relevant parliamentary committees for “sifting”. Once the Committees are ready, it will be laid appropriately. Treasury will need to amend the following legislation to address situations where retained EU […]
FCA has published the interim findings of its market study on competition in the investment platform market. It has concluded that competition is working well for most consumers, but has identified a few areas that need attention to help consumers. It found: barriers to switching are significant and therefore the pressure on platforms to continue […]
Treasury has updated its AML advisory notice on high risk jurisdictions. The advisory meets the requirements of the 2017 MLRs to ensure the regulated sector applies EDD to high-risk countries with reference, among other things to the Commission’s Delegated Regulation setting out the high risk jurisdictions. Treasury has updated its guidance following the FATF June […]
The Financial Stability Board (FSB) has published a statement on reforms to interbank offered rates (IBORs) and the development of overnight risk-free rates (RFRs) and term rates. Points of interest include: to ensure financial stability, benchmarks which are used extensively must be especially robust; the Official Sector Steering Group (OSSG), set up to coordinate […]
The draft Business Contract Terms (Assignment of Receivables) Regulations, which appeared to have been scrapped in late 2017, have been resurrected with a revised draft laid before Parliament for approval. The Regulations make ineffective contract terms that prohibit or restrict the assignment of receivables. Their aim is to facilitate businesses raising finance against invoices. The draft has […]
The first set of Questions and Answers (Q&As) on the application of the Insurance Distribution Directive (IDD) were published today by the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA). Answers were given to questions on the requirements for the Product Oversight and Governance (POG) arrangements and for Insurance Based Investment Products (IBIPs). Some of the Q&As […]
The FCA has published a speech by Andrew Bailey, Chief Executive of the FCA, on transitioning from LIBOR to alternative interest rate benchmarks. Although important steps have been taken towards transition, Andrew Bailey commented that the transition is not yet fast enough and there is much further to go. Points of interest in the speech […]
The FCA has launched a consultation on a package of measures designed to protect consumers, improve engagement and promote competition in the retirement income market. Alongside the consultation, the FCA has published the final report of its Retirement Outcomes Review, an investigation into how the pensions and retirement income sector has been working since the […]
On 3 July 2018, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) published a statement on the clearing obligations for pension scheme arrangements under the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR). EMIR introduced a temporary exemption for certain pension schemes from the obligation to clear their OTC derivative contracts to allow time for a suitable technical solution […]
On 29 June 2018 the government published a draft statutory instrument, the Third Parties (Rights Against Insurers) Act 2010 (Consequential Amendment of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2018. This regulation will give insurers the right to apply to restore a dissolved company to the register at any time in order to take legal proceedings, where such proceedings […]
In a letter to the Chief Executive of the PRA regarding Solvency II, the House of Commons Treasury Committee has asked the PRA to consider challenges raised by industry in a number of areas, including to the current risk model change process and reporting requirements. Furthermore, in the light of Brexit and while acknowledging it […]
From 21 July 2018, the EU’s Money Market Funds (MMF) Regulation will require new MMFs to be authorised by national competent authorities. Existing funds that are already branded as, or substantially similar to (for the purposes of the Regulation), MMFs will have until 21 January 2019 to apply for authorisation. Accordingly, in Policy Statement PS18/17, […]
Charles Randell, the recently appointed Chair of the FCA and the PSR, has delivered a speech, in which he discussed the increasing dominance of algorithms in our day to day lives, and noted some of the consequent issues that will need to be grappled with, as the rise of Big Data, AI and machine learning […]
Parliament has announced that the second reading of the Banking (Cash Machine Charges and Financial Inclusion) Bill 2017-19 is scheduled to take place on Friday 23 November 2018. The Bill contains provisions which prohibits cash machine charges; requires the Financial Conduct Authority to supervise an access to banking standard; imposes penalties for breaches of that standard; establishes a […]
The European Commission (the Commission) announced that MLD5 entered into force on 9 July 2018. The new rules introduce stricter transparency requirements, including full public access to the beneficial ownership register for companies. Some of the key improvements include limiting the use of anonymous payments through pre-paid cards and widening customer verification requirements. Věra Jourová, […]
The FCA has published a revised version of its Approach Document on payment services and electronic money. The updated document includes new guidance on operational and security risks under PSD2; which can be found in chapters 13 (reporting and notifications) and 18 (operational and security risks). The FCA has also made a number of other […]
A paper prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament’s Special Committee on Financial Crimes, Tax Evasion and Tax Avoidance delves into the increasing use of cryptocurrencies by criminals for illegal activities such as money laundering, tax evasion and terrorist financing. Regulators are said to be very concerned about the use […]
On 6 July, the PRA provided feedback to responses to its Consultation Paper (CP) 2/18 “Changes in insurance reporting requirements” in Policy Statement (PS)16/18. CP2/18, published in January 2018, set out the PRA’s proposals to change the regulatory reporting requirements for SII firms (and mutuals). The proposals were developed by the PRA as part of […]
FCA’s latest Policy Development Update shows plans for consultations on fees for claims management companies and for recovering the costs of OPBAS due over the next couple of months, and policy proposals for regulatory fees and levies for 2018/19 due in October. It notes these will address onshoring ESMA regulatory functions after Brexit.
FCA has published a paper looking at how it should approach fairness in price discrimination in financial services. It notes that price discrimination is not in itself unfair as practices such as student discounts are widely accepted. But others are more controversial, such as where longstanding customers receive a worse deal than new ones. Views […]
The Bank of England, the PRA and FCA have published a joint discussion paper on its approach to improve operational resilience in the financial sector. The regulators envisage that boards and senior managers can achieve better standards of operational resilience through increased focus on setting, monitoring and testing specific impact tolerances for key business services. […]
Vicky Saporta, Executive Director for Prudential Policy at the Bank of England delivered a keynote speech on 4 July at The Westminster Business Forum. The speech focused on the impact of Basel III, which was finalised on 7 December 2017, and discussed the achievements of the reforms, its finalisation and what lies ahead. Achievements The […]
The PRA updated a number of its Supervisory Statements (SSs) on 4 July 2018 to reflect changes in terminology, following the publication of policy statement 15/18 “Strengthening individual accountability in insurance: Extension of the Senior Managers and Certification Regime to insurers”. A list of those SSs can be found below. SS28/15 “Strengthening individual accountability in […]
On 4 July 2018, the PRA published policy statement (PS)15/18 in response to Consultation Paper (CP) 14/17 ‘Strengthening individual accountability in insurance: extension of the Senior Managers and Certification Regime to insurers’ and CP 28/17 ‘Strengthening accountability: implementing the extension of the SM&CR to insurers and other amendments’. As well as feedback to responses to […]
A new court dedicated to cybercrime, fraud and economic crime is to be built on the site of Fleetbank House, and is expected to be completed in 2025.
FCA has published a suite of papers feeding back on the SMCR extension, and has proposed the creation of a new directory of individuals working in financial services to enable their status and history to be checked. The directory would include all individuals who require FCA approval to hold SMFs and those who fall within […]
FCA is consulting on new guidance on handling complaints about regular premium PPI, to deal with an uncertainty which has arisen since the post-Plevin rules. The Plevin judgment and the rules that followed it say that if a lender fails to disclose at point of sale a large commission payable out of the PPI premium […]
The European Commission has published a roadmap on the Consumer Credit Directive (Directive). The Commission is looking to assess: effectiveness: whether the original objectives of the Directive have been achieved; efficiency: the functioning of the Directive from a simplification and burden reduction perspective; coherence: how the Directive works together with other legislation in the field of […]
Following a consultation in October 2017, the European Payments Council has published a revised version of its mobile contactless Single Euro Payments Area (SEPA) card payments interoperability implementation guidelines (MCP). The guidelines have been updated to reflect a rapidly evolving system and address the interoperability aspects relating to the MCP application lifecycle management.
The Payment Systems Regulator (PSR) has issued a press release stating that the consolidation of the UK retail payment systems is now complete, following the introduction of the New Payment Systems Operator (NPSO). The NPSO took over the running and managing of cheque paper and cheque image clearing systems on 1 July 2018.
FATF and the Middle East and North African FATF have held their third plenary meeting. The meeting updated on a wide range of issues, including discussion on several typology reports and discussion of mutual evaluation and follow up reports on a number of jurisdictions. The plenary also discussed the progress Iraq and Venezuela have made […]
The FSMA (Prospectus and Markets in Financial Instruments) Regulations 2018 take effect on 21 July and amend two of the thresholds that trigger the requirement to produce a prospectus. The changes reflect the 2017 EU Prospectus Regulation and: increase the threshold amount for offers to trigger the prospectus requirement from €100,000 to €8 million; and reduce […]
We recently wrote an article for Compliance Monitor setting out themes from recent FCA thematic reviews.
The Payment Services Regulator has published a policy statement following its review of the regulatory fees regime. It has now set out its decisions, and published a standalone document on fees figures for 2018/19.
FCA has made new rules. The changes affect several parts of the Handbook, including: miscellaneous minor and clarificatory changes, including a change to the application chapter of SYSC to clarify that certain rules in SYSC 4.3A do not apply to an AIFM investment firm that is not a CRR firm; changes to make the Handbook consistent […]
The Government has released a consultation document as part of its programme of change for defined benefit pension schemes. Protecting Defined Benefit Pension Schemes – A Stronger Pensions Regulator contains proposals to give the Pensions Regulator (tPR) increased ability to monitor corporate transactions and sets out “a robust framework for punitive measures to deter and […]
The European Commission is unhappy with Member State transposition of MLD4. It currently has open infringement procedures against 20 Member States but says most have adopted and notified missing transposition measures. The Commission is now scrutinising those measures, while noting Member States have only until January 2020 to implement MLD5. The Commission is also looking […]
PRA has published a policy statement together with updated supervisory statements on changes to its large exposures framework. PRA received 5 responses to its consultation paper, which supported the additional guidance. Most also supported the proposals relating to the non-core large exposures group limit and the exemption of certain exposures at UK consolidated level, although […]
We recently wrote an article for Compliance Monitor on strong customer authentication under PSD2 and EBA Guidelines.
Sam Woods has written a “Dear CEO” letter to CEOs of all dual-authorised firms on exposures to crypto-assets. PRA understands firms may already have limited exposure to such assets, and is writing to clarify its expectations of how firms behave, particularly in view of Fundamental Rules 3, 5 and 7. The letter sets out what […]
EIOPA is inviting the insurance industry as well as those not directly active in the insurance value chain to provide views on InsurTech, which they define as ‘technology-enabled innovation in insurance that could result in new business models, applications, processes or products with an associated material effect on the provision of insurance products and services’. The […]
The FCA has published a progress report on its ongoing Strategic Review of Retail Banking Business Models. The purpose of the Review is to consider the sources of competitive advantage that may have helped the major banks retain their market share, and from that analysis consider the potential for change and the impact of that […]
The Treasury, the Bank of England and the FCA have published information about how financial services legislation will be on-shored under the EU (Withdrawal) Act, in particular to ensure the (hopefully unlikely) ‘hard Brexit’ scenario is addressed, if the negotiated implementation period is not able to take effect from March 2019. The Treasury intends to lay […]
PIMFA and TISA have published a MiFID 2 Feedback Template and a guide on distributor reporting. It hopes the documents will help firms to meet their responsibilities under MiFID 2 and particularly that the Q&A will help distributors to make compliant returns to asset managers. Comments are welcome on the proposed template until 12 July. […]
FCA is consulting on changes to complaints handling rules to help victims of authorised push payment fraud. Currently, victims cannot complain to the PSP that receives their payment when their own PSP is not at fault. FCA now proposes rule changes to require firms to handle this type of complaint, and also to allow eligible […]
The Commission has confirmed it will assess, at the end of June, Serbia’s progress and commitments towards meeting its AML obligations and the FATF recommendations. It may then decide to add the country to the list of high-risk jurisdictions under MLD4.
FCA has published feedback on its Call for Input on Access to Insurance. Its main concern is that people with pre-existing medical conditions find it hard to get travel insurance. Common themes were: lack of good information about options for consumers who had received a high quote or been refused cover; lack of consumer understanding […]
EBA has published an Opinion in which it asks national regulators to ensure financial institutions are taking practical steps to prepare for a “no deal” Brexit with no transition period. It does not think institutions have been moving quickly enough in their planning and is concerned they are delaying triggering necessary actions. EBA notes that […]
The Payment Systems Regulator has published a summary of measures it is currently working on with other bodies to protect customers from authorised push payment scams – where fraudsters trick people into sending them money. These ongoing or imminent measures include the enhancement of sanctions data quality confirmation of payee guidelines for identity, verification, authentication […]
The House of Lords’ Select Committee on the Bribery Act 2010, which was recently set up to conduct a post-legislative scrutiny of the Act, has issued a call for evidence. The Committee’s mandate includes to review the Act’s operation and its enforcement, and to make recommendations to the Government. While the Committee invites submissions on […]
HM Treasury has published a speech by Philip Hammond, Chancellor of the Exchequer, which was delivered at the annual Mansion House dinner. In his speech, Mr Hammond focused on Brexit and financial services. He said that the UK needs to ensure that it remains a world leader in innovation, and extend London’s position as the […]
Mark Carney, Governor of the BoE, delivered a speech at the annual Mansion House dinner on how the UK financial system can continue to serve the UK and the world, in the face of major structural changes. In his speech, Mr Carney outlined how the BoE is changing to support the development of the UK […]
The FCA has published a statement on the European Banking Authority’s (EBA) draft PSD2 Guidelines and Opinion on the Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS) on Strong Customer Authentication and Common and Secure Communication. The FCA said that it was supportive of the views contained in the EBA Opinion and encourage firms and API initiatives to consider these […]
The FCA have published a report on its Financial Lives Survey 2018. The survey is the FCA’s largest tracking survey of adults and their finances, covering 13,000 face-to-face and online interviews. Key findings include: compared with the UK average of 50%, 55% of adults in the North West and 54% of adults in rural areas […]
The Law Commission and the Scottish Law Commission have published an updated bill that proposes an expansion to the concept of insurable interest for life-related insurance. By using the term ‘life-related insurance’, the bill intends to create a wider category of insurance than just traditional life insurance, thereby also covering other forms of insurance which […]
In the ongoing case of Bundeskammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte v ING-DiBa Direktbank Austria Niederlassung der ING-DiBa AG (Case C-191/17), the European Court of Justice has been asked for the first time to interpret the term ‘payment account’ for the purposes of the Payment Services Directive (PSD). The Advocate General’s Opinion has now been handed down, […]
ESMA has issued a statement confirming that the six month grace period granted to those required by MiFIR to have a Legal Entity Identifier (LEI), will end on 2 July 2017. ESMA will now work with national competent authorities to develop a supervision action plan which focuses on compliance with LEI reporting requirements.
The Treasury Committee has published its report following its Women in Finance inquiry, which sought to identify the barriers to women entering and progressing in the financial services industry. It also examined the value to financial firms of having greater gender balance across all job grades and functions. The average gender pay gap in UK […]
MLD5 has now been published in the OJEU. It is dated 30 May and was published on 19 June. Member States are required to implement it by 10 January 2020.
HM Treasury has published a summary of the submissions received to the call for evidence on problem debt. The call for evidence was issued in October 2017 to gain further insight from the debt advice sector and creditors about how best to design, implement, administer and monitor a six-week breathing space scheme and statutory debt management […]
The European Banking Authority (EBA) has published its annual report 2017, in which it describes the work undertaken and its achievements in 2017. The report also includes the EBA’s key areas of focus for 2018. The work undertaken by the EBA and its achievements in 2017 include: finalising important components of the Single Rulebook and […]
The Council of the EU has agreed a negotiating mandate for progressing the Commission’s proposals on cross-border marketing of funds. It has also published compromise texts based on the Commission’s originals to form the basis for negotiations with the European Parliament.
The PRA has issued PS12/18 and SS5/18, which sets out the PRA’s expectations of a firm’s risk management and governance of algorithmic trading. The SS applies to all algorithmic trading activities of a firm, including in respect of unregulated financial instruments such as spot foreign exchange. It should be read in conjunction with other applicable requirements, including […]
The EBA has published a consultation on draft Guidelines supplementing the Regulatory Technical Standards on strong customer authentication published in the OJ in March 2018, and applicable from September 2019. Article 33(6) of the RTS set out the conditions that must be met when an Account Servicing Payment Service Provider (ASPSP) wishes to provide access […]
We are delighted to speak at and host a half day seminar on 2 October with the Compliance Register on the extension to the SMCR. For details and to book, please contact the Compliance Register.
The Payment Services Regulator (PSR) has published a Discussion Paper (DP18/1) on the use of data in the payments industry. The aim of the discussion paper is to better understand the actions the PSR may need to take in the future around the use of data in payment services. The PSR acknowledges that the UK’s payment sector is growing […]
The European Parliament has voted in plenary session to adopt the so called “EMIR Refit” Regulation. The European Commission has proposed that small financial counterparties (SFCs) should not be subject to the current EMIR clearing obligation where they deal with OTC derivatives at a low volume which would not present a systemic risk to the financial […]
FCA has written a “Dear CEO” letter on the financial crime risks of crypto-assets. The letter notes the scope for cryptoassets to be used for both criminal purposes and non-criminal purposes that nonetheless present the risk for abuse. The letter sets out what FCA regards as good practice for how banks handle these risks. The letter suggests: that […]
The Council of the EU has agreed measures on criminal sanctions for money laundering offences. A new Directive will set minimum rules for defining money laundering offences and the criminal sanctions for them. The maximum imprisonment will be only 4 years, with additional civil sanctions possible. The directive also caters for exclusion of legal entities […]
Verena Ross has spoken on progress towards a “genuine” single European financial market, focusing on the role of regulation and supervision. She commented that the EU now has a robust and integrated regulatory framework but stressed the importance of supervision. She discussed the importance of taking the time and effort required for proper implementation and […]
The Bank of England (BoE) has, together with the New Payments System Operator (NSPO) and the Payment System Regulator (PSR), launched a 6 week consultation on the adoption of a common global standard, known as “ISO 20022”, for payments in the UK. The standard will be adopted across the UK’s main interbank payment systems – […]
Nicky Morgan and Andrew Bailey have exchanged letters of the problems customers faced following TSB’s IT migration. The Treasury Committee had asked about the work FCA had done in advance of the planned migration, its assessment of the problems and its views on TSB’s evidence to the Committee and its communications with customers as well […]
FCA has fined Canara Bank £896,100 for failings in its AML systems, and has restricted it from accepting deposits from new customers for 147 days. FCA found that, for a period of over 3 years, the banks failed to maintain adequate systems and did not take sufficient steps to remedy weaknesses that it had been […]
FCA is consulting on draft rules for regulating claims management companies (CMCs) when it acquires regulatory responsibility for them on 1 April 2019. FCA is focussing on 3 key aspects: empowering customers to be confident they have chosen a value-for-money service that is appropriate for their needs; ensuring CMCs get redress for their customers in […]
Lisa Osofsky, former US federal prosecutor, more recently a Managing Director and Head of Investigations for EMEA at Exiger, will become the next Director of SFO. She will take up the post on 3 September.
The Bank of England (BoE) has published its response to the Treasury’s Call for Evidence on cash and digital payments in the new economy. The BoE welcomes Treasury’s Call for Evidence. Key points include: the usage of cash is evolving, but there is, and is likely to remain for the foreseeable future, a significant public demand […]
HM Treasury and the Bank of England have announced that Bradley Fried has been appointed as Chair of the Court of the Bank of England, with effect from 1 July 2018. He will replace Sir Anthony Habgood who has been Chair since 2014.
FCA’s latest quarterly consultation proposes the usual minor miscellaneous changes to its Handbook, including; changes to the appointed representatives appointment firm: the changes are spurred on by IDD changes but generally require firms to make a statement that they have complied with their regulatory obligations as principal; the COBS rules for insurance distribution to ensure […]
FCA’s latest Policy Development Update heralds a policy statement on fees and levies rates in July. Otherwise its timetable is quiet, with a policy statement on the MMF Regulation due at some point together with feedback on an increasing number of proposals from quarterly consultations going back 2 years.
ESMA has exercised its product intervention powers under MiFIR to: ban the marketing, distribution or sale or binary options to retail investors from 2 July; and restrict the marketing of CFDs to retail investors from 1 August. The restrictions consist of leverage limits on opening positions, a margin close-out rule and a negative balance protection […]
The FCA has concluded its review into high-cost credit, and based on issues it found has published two consultations: CP18/12 on rent-to-own, home-collected credit, catalogue credit and store cards, and alternatives to high-cost credit, and CP18/13 on arranged and unarranged overdrafts. In the rent-to-own category, which covers hire-purchase and condition sale agreements, it found that […]
The Chief Executive of the Pensions Regulator (TPR), Lesley Titcomb, is stepping down at the end of her four year term in February 2019. Since she became Chief Executive in 2015, TPR has focused on becoming a more visible and proactively engaged regulator with the aim of ensuring that pension scheme members receive the benefits […]
The FOS has published its Annual Review for 2017/2018. Many of the complaints statistics highlight products that are the subject of ongoing regulatory scrutiny and activity: the FOS notes significant increases in complaints in home credit, hiring, leasing and renting, and payday loans: putting to one side PPI, one in four new complaints related to […]
ESMA has published its final guidelines on certain aspects of the MiFID 2 suitability requirements. The guidelines build on their MiFID 1 predecessor, and broaden them to address technological developments such as a the development of robo-advice and take into account supervisory experience and the results of reviews and surveys. The guidelines also include a […]
The FCA has published FG18/4: The FCA’s approach to the review of Part VII insurance business transfers, which sets out the FCA’s key considerations and general expectations when reviewing a Part VII transfer application. The areas covered by the guidance include: factors and information requirements firms should consider before contacting the FCA documents that firms […]
The FCA has published an event summary describing output from a conference it held in March on Transforming Culture. Following the conference, and the publication of its Discussion Paper on Transforming Culture in Financial Services, the FCA has identified four key thematic lines of enquiry around which to focus ongoing engagement with the financial services […]
ESMA has updated its FAQs on investor protection and intermediaries under MiFID 2. New questions added in May focus on: best execution: a new question addresses what is meant by “other liquidity provider”; client categorisation: new questions look at when and how a firm can assess whether it can treat an individual private investor as a professional client, […]
ESMA has updated its FAQs on the application of the UCITS Directive. The additions look at how to apply remuneration disclosure requirements to staff or the delegate of a UCITS management company who have been delegated investment management functions.
The FCA has published Handbook Notice No. 55, setting out: the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (Funding Review) Instrument 2018, the Handbook Administration (Data Protection) Instrument 2018, the Insurance Distribution Directive Instrument 2018, and the Supervision Manual (Reporting No 8) Instrument 2018. The Data Protection Instrument sets out administrative changes arising from the implementation of GDPR, […]
BoE, FCA and Treasury have published the progress report on the Fair and Effective Markets Review. It says significant progress has been made towards the recommendations. Key conclusions are that: the work on extending the SMCR will achieve the policy intent of the accountability framework already in place for PRA regulated credit and investment institutions; […]
Parliament has set up a new Committee to consider the Bribery Act. It plans to publish a call for evidence in due course.
Carillion’s rise and spectacular fall was a story of “recklessness, hubris and greed”. Last week, the Work and Pensions Committee and the Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Committee published the final report of their joint inquiry into the collapse of Carillion – a “giant and unsustainable corporate time bomb”. If, as the report states, Carillion […]
OFSI has updated its guidance on reporting to it. There is a legal obligation to report to OFSI: known or suspected breaches of financial sanctions; knowing or suspecting that a person is a designated person; or knowing or suspecting that an entity holds frozen assets where that knowledge or suspicion arises in the course of business. OFSI’s […]
On 23 May, the Data Protection Act 2018 was finally passed into law. The new Act repeals the Data Protection Act 1998, and facilitates the implementation into UK law of the General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679, which comes into effect on 25 May. We will be publishing an article in due course that will […]