EBA published the findings from its assessment of competent authorities’ approaches to AML and CFT supervision of banks. Since the EBA started its reviews in 2019 and strengthened its AML/CFT guidance, national supervisors have started to adopt meaningful reforms to improve their AML/CFT supervision, but the EBA found that significant challenges remain in important areas such as the identification and assessment of ML/TF risks.
EBA found that most competent authorities in its sample were committed to strengthening their approach to AML/CFT supervision. Several authorities took steps to put in place a holistic approach to tackling ML/TF risks in their banking sector and changes introduced after the recent transposition of relevant EU legislation, such as greater enforcement powers, have started to make a difference. AML/CFT teams in almost all competent authorities, that the EBA reviewed, have grown significantly and are set to expand further, and cooperation with prudential supervisors and other EU AML/CFT supervisors has become a clear priority for all, in line with the EBA’s regulatory framework.
Among the common challenges that supervisors face, the EBA highlights difficulties in
- identifying ML/TF risks in the banking sector and in individual banks;
- translating ML/TF risk assessments into risk-based supervisory strategies;
- using available resources effectively, including by ensuring sufficiently intrusive onsite and offsite supervision; and
- taking proportionate and sufficiently dissuasive enforcement measures to correct AML/CFT compliance weaknesses.
The EBA also found that cooperation with Financial Intelligence Units (FIUs) was not always systematic and often ineffective. These challenges have hampered the implementation of an effective risk-based approach to AML/CFT supervision.